Columbia, MO Profile: Facts, Map & Data


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Columbia, Missouri - Basic Facts

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The City of Columbia is the 4th largest city in Missouri with a population of 119,218 as of July 1, 2016. Columbia ranks in the upper quartile for Population Density and Diversity Index when compared to the other cities, towns and Census Designated Places (CDPs) in Missouri. See peer rankings below.

The primary coordinate point for Columbia is located at latitude 38.9473 and longitude -92.3264 in Boone County. The formal boundaries for the City of Columbia (see map below) encompass a land area of 63.83 sq. miles and a water area of 0.27 sq. miles. Boone County is in the Central time zone (GMT -6). The elevation is 709 feet.

The City of Columbia (GNIS ID: 2393605) has a C1 Census Class Code which indicates an active incorporated place that does not serve as a county subdivision equivalent. It also has a Functional Status Code of "A" which identifies an active government providing primary general-purpose functions.

The City of Columbia is located within Township of Columbia, a minor civil division (MCD) of Boone County.

Beneath the boundary map are tables with Columbia population, income and housing data, five-year growth projections and peer comparisons for key demographic data. The estimates are for July 1, 2016.

Neighborhood Data

Address Based Hyperlocal Data Input an address and get data & demographics for the pertinent census block group (CBG), a searchable map and a customized directory. The CBG is the smallest geographical unit used by the Census Bureau for reporting certain data.


City of Columbia, MO Boundary Map

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Boundary Maps: Township of Columbia | Boone County | Missouri Counties

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Columbia, MO Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2016)


Total Population 119,218
Population in Households 110,600
Population in Familes 69,048
Population in Group Qrtrs 8,618
Population Density1 1,868
Diversity Index2 44


Total Households 47,073
Average Household Size 2.35
Family Households 23,087
Average Family Size 3


Total Housing Units 51,148 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 21,283 (41.6%)
Renter Occupied HU 25,790 (50.4%)
Vacant Housing Units 4,075 ( 8.0%)
Median Home Value $177,475
Average Home Value $211,908


Median Household Income $42,290
Average Household Income $62,822
Per Capita Income $25,674
  (Compound Annual Growth Rates)


2010-2015 2015-2020
Population 1.53% 1.45%
Households 1.44% 1.44%
Families 1.21% 1.25%
Median Household Income   2.1%
Per Capita Income   1.7%
1) Population Density = Total Population per square mile.
2) The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelyhood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different race or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.
Based on Census 2010 counts, the Diversity Index for the United States was 60.6 and it is expected to increase to 64.8 by July 1, 2018.

Columbia, MO - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares Columbia to the other 1,032 incorporated cities, towns and CDPs in Missouri by rank and percentile using July 1, 2016 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable Description Rank Percentile
Total Population # 4 100th
Population Density1 # 113 89th
Diversity Index2 # 72 93rd
Median Household Income # 458 56th
Per Capita Income # 227 78th

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE Missouri Census Data Comparison Tool.

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