Columbia, MO Profile: Facts, Map & Data


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Columbia, Missouri - Basic Facts

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The City of Columbia is the 4th largest city in Missouri with a population of 121,061 as of July 1, 2017. Columbia ranks in the upper quartile for Population Density and Diversity Index when compared to the other cities, towns and Census Designated Places (CDPs) in Missouri. See peer rankings below.

The primary coordinate point for Columbia is located at latitude 38.9473 and longitude -92.3264 in Boone County. The formal boundaries for the City of Columbia (see map below) encompass a land area of 63.83 sq. miles and a water area of 0.27 sq. miles. Boone County is in the Central time zone (GMT -6). The elevation is 709 feet.

The City of Columbia (GNIS ID: 2393605) has a C1 Census Class Code which indicates an active incorporated place that does not serve as a county subdivision equivalent. It also has a Functional Status Code of "A" which identifies an active government providing primary general-purpose functions.

The City of Columbia is located within Township of Columbia, a minor civil division (MCD) of Boone County.

Beneath the boundary map are tables with Columbia population, income and housing data, five-year growth projections and peer comparisons for key demographic data. The estimates are for July 1, 2017.

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City of Columbia, MO Boundary Map

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Boundary Maps: Township of Columbia | Boone County | Missouri Counties

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Columbia, MO Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2017)


Total Population 121,061
Daytime Population: Workers 85,380
Daytime Population: Residents 59,389
Total Daytime Population (TDP) 144,769
Ratio TDP/Total Population1 1.20
Population in Households 112,429
Population in Familes 70,037
Population in Group Qrtrs 8,632
Population Density2 1,897
Diversity Index3 44


Median Household Income $45,748
Average Household Income $67,151
Per Capita Income $27,378


Total Housing Units 52,317 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 21,075 (40.3%)
Renter Occupied HU 26,729 (51.1%)
Vacant Housing Units 4,513 ( 8.6%)
Median Home Value $180,359
Average Home Value $215,543


Total Households 47,804
Average Household Size 2.35
Family Households 23,431
Average Family Size 3
  1. If the ratio of the TDP to Total Population is greater than 1, the location gains population during the day when commuting workers are present. If the ratio is less than 1, the location is more of a bedroom community where people commute to another place for work.
  2. Population Density = Total Population per square mile.
  3. The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelihood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different race or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.


2010-2017 2017-2022
Population 1.53% 1.41%
Households 1.46% 1.43%
Families 1.25% 1.24%
Median Household Income   2.64%
Per Capita Income   2.73%

Columbia, MO - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares Columbia to the other 1,032 incorporated cities, towns and CDPs in Missouri by rank and percentile using July 1, 2017 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable Description Rank Percentile
Total Population # 4 100th
Population Density # 112 89th
Diversity Index # 74 93rd
Median Household Income # 430 58th
Per Capita Income # 218 79th

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE Missouri Census Data Comparison Tool.

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