Jefferson City, MO Profile: Facts & Data


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Jefferson City, Missouri - Basic Facts

The City of Jefferson City had a population of 43,254 as of July 1, 2023. Jefferson City ranks in the upper quartile for Population Density and Diversity Index when compared to the other cities, towns and Census Designated Places (CDPs) in Missouri. See peer rankings below.

The primary coordinate point for Jefferson City is located at latitude 38.5767 and longitude -92.1735 in Cole County. The formal boundaries for the City of Jefferson City encompass a land area of 36.08 sq. miles and a water area of 1.63 sq. miles. Cole County is in the Central time zone (GMT -6).

While the primary coordinates for City of Jefferson City are located in Cole County, it should be noted that the formal boundaries for this community also extend into and Callaway County.

The City of Jefferson City has a C1 Census Class Code which indicates an active incorporated place that does not serve as a county subdivision equivalent. It also has a Functional Status Code of "A" which identifies an active government providing primary general-purpose functions.

The City of Jefferson City is located within Township of Jefferson, a minor civil division (MCD) of Cole County.

Jump to... (On This Page!)
  1. Jefferson City 2023 Demographic Data
  2. Growth Rates for Jefferson City (Historical & 5-Year Forecast)
  3. Peer Comparisons (Rank and Percentile)
  1. Neighborhoods Demographics (Home Values, Household Income, etc.)
  2. Missouri Research Tools (Easy Tools & Current Data)
  3. Missouri Data Comparison Tool - 2023 Demographics

Jefferson City, MO Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2023)


Total Population 43,254 (100%)
Population in Households 38,500 (89.0%)
Population in Families 28,586 (66.1%)
Population in Group Quarters1 4,754 (11.0%)
Population Density 1,200
Diversity Index2 46


Median Household Income $56,232
Average Household Income $81,851
% of Income for Mortgage4 20%
Per Capita Income $33,158
Wealth Index5 67
Socioeconomic Status Index6 Moderate (53.1)


Total HU (Housing Units) 19,396 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 10,689 (55.1%)
Renter Occupied HU 6,755 (34.8%)
Vacant Housing Units 1,952 (10.1%)
Median Home Value $183,924
Average Home Value $240,974
Housing Affordability Index3 123


Total Households 17,444
Average Household Size 2.21
Family Households 9,636
Average Family Size 3.00
  1. Group Quarters - a place where people live or stay in a group living arrangement. Includes college residents halls, nursing facilities, military barracks, and correctional facilities.
  2. The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelihood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different races or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.
  3. The Housing Affordability Index base is 100 and represents a balance point where a resident with a median household income can normally qualify to purchase a median price home. Values above 100 indicate increased affordability, while values below 100 indicate decreased affordability.
  4. The % of Income for Mortgage quantifies the percentage of median household income dedicated to mortgage payments on a home priced at the median value (assuming a 30-year mortgage and a 20% down payment).
  5. The Wealth Index is based on a number of indicators of affluence including average household income and average net worth, but it also includes the value of material possessions and resources. It represents the wealth of the area relative to the national level. Values above or below 100 represent above-average wealth or below-average wealth compared to the national level.
  6. The Socioeconomic Index ranges from zero (lowest relative status) to 100 (highest relative status). This measure quantifies disparities in social position of an area's inhabitants and is built from a broad range of demographic, housing, and socioeconomic inputs. More information on this measure can be found in Esri's SEI tutorial.


2020-2023 2023-2028
Population 0.02% -0.08%
Households 0.25% 0.12%
Families   0.05%
Median Household Income   2.02%
Per Capita Income   2.88%
Owner Occupied HU   0.46%

Jefferson City, MO - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares Jefferson City to the other 1,082 incorporated cities, towns and CDPs in Missouri by rank and percentile using July 1, 2023 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable Description Rank Percentile
Total Population # 16 99th
Population Density # 227 79th
Median Household Income # 530 51st
Housing Affordability Index # 516 48th
Per Capita Income # 456 58th
Diversity Index # 98 91st

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE Missouri Census Data Comparison Tool.

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